The population of India will surpass that of China by 2027, says a United Nations report. India is expected to add nearly 273 million people between 2019 and 2050 and remain the most populated country through the end of the current century.
“India is expected to add nearly 273 million people between 2019 and 2050, while the population of Nigeria is projected to grow by 200 million. Together, these two countries could account for 23 per cent of the global population increase to 2050,” the report has said.
The countries that will experience the greatest population growth, in descending order, are predicted to be India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt and the US.
The UN calculates that, without migration, a level of 2.1 births per woman is necessary to merely ensure generational replacement of the population. Anything less than that leads to overall population decline and levels higher than that result in a growing population.